Increases

Bar Increase

The bar increase is a visible increase in Stockinette stitch and tightens the stitch in which it is worked. Because it is visible, it is often used as a decorative stitch when working in Stockinette stitch. To perform the bar increase, you will either knit into the front and back of a knit stitch or purl into the front and back of a purl stitch.

The bar increase works very well when used within ribbing because it can be placed in the transition between a knit and a purl stitch. On the right side it creates what looks like a knit stitch followed by a purl stitch. For example, when asked to increase evenly within a k1, p1 ribbing, use this technique to increase into the knit stitch (k f&b). The pattern will then become k1, p2 after increasing.

Knit into the front and back of a knit stitch (k f&b)

Purl into the front and back of a purl stitch (p f&b)

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Increases

Make One Increases

The make one increase is performed by picking up the running strand between two stitches. Make one increases can lean left or right depending on how the running strand is picked up: from back to front or from front to back. If a pattern doesn’t specify M1L or M1R, use M1L.

Make One Left (M1L)
1. Pick up the running stitch from front to back.
2. Knit the stitch through the back loop.

Make One Right (M1R)
1. Pick up the runnin g st from back to front.
2. Knit into the front of the running thread. This can be difficult. Try loosening the stitch with the right needle prior to knitting into it.

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Working the Stitches

Slipping Stitches with Yarn in Front (wyif) and with Yarn in Back (wyib)

In patterns, particularly slip stitch patterns, you may be asked to slip a stitch with the yarn in the front (wyif) or with the yarn in the back (wyib). For example, the instruction will list sl1 wyif or sl1 wyib. This ensures that the yarn is in the proper position before working the next stitch.

sl1 wyif

sl1 wyib

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Increases, Working the Stitches

Yarn Overs

A yarn over is a very simple and decorative increase. The type of yarn over that is performed depends on the stitch that is worked before and after the yarn over.

Yarn Over (YO): Worked Between Two Knit Stitches (as in k1, yo, k1)
1. After working a knit stitch, move the yarn to the front and place it over the top of the right needle.
2. Knit the next stitch.

Yarn Around Needle (YRN): Worked Between Two Purl Stitches (as in p1, yo, p1)
1. After working a purl stitch, move the yarn to the front and wrap it around the right needle brining it over the top of the needle and back to the front.
2. Purl the next stitch.

Yarn Over Needle (YON) – Worked Between a Purl and a Knit Stitch
1. After working a purl stitch, move the yarn to the front and place it over the top of the right needle.
2. Knit the next stitch.

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