Decreases, Working the Stitches

How to Work Short Row Shaping Part 4 of 4: The Yarn Over & Japanese Methods

This is part four of a four part blog series on short rows. For the last post, we’re covering short rows that are commonly used in sock knitting (particularly for turning the heel). These methods do not produce holes and are considered decreasing short rows. Click here to read the blog from the beginning.

The Yarnover Method

An easy way to remember how to work this method is to note that on purl rows the yarn goes under the needle and on knit rows the yarn goes over the needle.

Yarnover Method with the Knit Side Facing

  1. On the purl side of the work, work across the row to the turning point. Turn work – the knit side is now facing you.
  2. Bring the yarn over the right needle (to the front of the needle and then over it) and then knit the next stitch.

Yarnover Method with the Purl Side Facing

  1. On the knit side of the work, work across the row to the turning point. Turn work – the purl side is now facing you.
  2. Bring the yarn under and around the right needle and then purl the next stitch.

Once all short rows have been worked, you will now work across the entire row. Notice that you have pairs of stitches – the yarnover and the stitch beside it.

 Closing the Gaps: Knit Side Facing

  1. On the right side of the work (knit side), work to the first yarnover stitch pair.
  2. Knit the first stitch. The next stich will be the yarnover that was worked. But, the yarnover will be oriented in the wrong direction on the needle. Re-orient the yarnover stitch so the front leg of the stitch is facing the proper direction.
  3. K2tog: knit the re-oriented yarnover stitch together with the next stitch.
  4. On the next right side row, you will work in the same way but there will be 2 yarnovers before the next knit stitch. You will knit 3 stitches together to close the gap.

 

Closing the Gaps: Purl Side Facing

  1. On the wrong side of the work (purl side), work to the first yarnover stitch pair.
  2. Purl the first stitch. The next stich will be the yarnover that was worked. But, the yarnover AND the next stitch will be oriented in the wrong direction on the needle. We will work a SSP to resolve this.
  3. Slip the yarnover as if to knit, slip the next purl stitch as if to knit. Move both sts back to the left needle (from tip to tip). Insert the right needle into the two stitches through their back loops and p2tog.
  4. On the next wrong side row, you will work in the same way but there will be 2 yarnovers before the next purl stitch. Purl 3 stitches together to close the gap (SSSP).

Japanese Method: this method is also used in sock knitting for working short row heels and toes. It is worked similar to the yarnover method (see above). The difference is that in the Japanese method, the turning yarn is marked using a removable stitch marker and you are not re-orienting the stitch because you are not twisting them when you work the stitch.

Japanese Method with the Knit Side Facing

  1. On the purl side of the work, work across the row to the turning point. Turn work – the knit side is now facing you.
  2. Place a locking stitch marker on the turning yarn. Slip the next stitch purlwise wyib.
  3. On the subsequent row when you are closing the gap, knit the stitch that the stitch marker is on.
  4. Then, pull up on the marker and put the stitch onto the left needle – do this without twisting the stitch. Remove the marker
  5. Now k2tog.

 

Japanese Method with the Purl Side Facing

  1. On the knit side of the work, work across the row to the turning point. Turn work – the purl side is now facing you.
  2. Place a locking stitch marker on the turning yarn. Slip the next stitch purlwise wyif.
  3. On the subsequent row when you are closing the gap, purl the stitch that the stitch marker is on.
  4. Then, slip the next stitch purlwise wyif.
  5. Now, pull up on the marker and put the stitch onto the left needle – do this without twisting the stitch. Remove the marker.
  6. Place the slipped stitch back on the left needle.
  7. Now p2tog.

 

Advertisements
Standard

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s